harappan civilization upsc

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No evidence of temples has been found in this civilization. B. Drainage System. No clear evidence of rice has been found. Beneficial for SSC , Bank, UPSC, CDS, NDA, Railway NTPC & All Govt Exams. Situated on the Bank of river Indus in Larkana district of Punjab (Pakistan). Harappans worshipped the mother Goddess. Millets are found from sites … A. The script, however, is not alphabetical but pictographic and it has not been deciphered yet. While IVC is on the banks of Indus, Egyptian Civilization flourished on the banks of the river Nile, Mesopotamian Civilization flourished on the banks of Tigris or Euphrates river and Chinese Civilization flourished on the banks of Hwang Ho river. The first city to be unearthed was Harappa. It extended from Manda in Jammu in the north to Daimabad in the south and from Alamgirpur in western U.P to Sulkagendor in Baluchistan in the west. 1. A trade point between Harappa and Babylon, Evidence of both pre-Harappan and Harappan culture, The Early Harappan Phase is related to the, By 2600 BC, the Indus Valley Civilization had entered into a, The early Harappan communities were turning into large urban centers, like. THE Harappan civilization was discovered in 1920-21 following the excavations by R.D. Explanation: Harappan Civilization covered part of Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Gujarat, Rajastan and some parts of Western U.P. Indus Valley Civilization/ Harappan Civilization- social, economic, cultural activities during this period; art and crafts : Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:(2011) It was predominantly a secular civilization and the religious element, though present, did not dominate the scene, We will discuss art and culture and basic features. Question 1. One theory claims that Indo-European tribe i.e. Their most important artistic work are seals. The discoveries made at these architectural sights give us great insight into the lives and lifestyles of our ancestors. Salini at Harappa. There were several archaeological cultures in the region prior to the Mature Harappan. These cultures were associated with distinctive pottery, evidence of agriculture and pastoralism; Grains found at Harappan sites include wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea and sesame. 2700- BC.1900 ie for 800 years. the script is there, but it cannot be deciphered and belongs to the Bronze Age. In this lecture, Shivangi will discuss about the Harappan Culture - The Bronze Age Civilization for UPSC CSE 2021 aspirants. Town Planning. It is evident from the terracotta figurine recovered from Harappa. Get all the details of our online courses here. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Skip to content. It flourished from around 2500 BC to 1750 BC. Hence, the correct answer is option D. Q10. It is called Harappan civilization because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modem site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. Pashupati seal has been found in Mohenjodaro in which a Yogi has been depicted. For UPSC 2021 preparation, follow BYJU’S. They practised navigation on the coast of the Arabian Sea. Indus Valley Civilization Pottery, remained plain most of the times and it further enabled us to understand the gradual evolution of various design motifs as employed in different shapes, and … ; It is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of mankind. It is called Harappan because this civilization was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the province of West Punjab in Pakistan. C. Both A and B. D. None of these. But on the whole almost everyone has accepted the period of Harappan civilization from 3000 BC to 1500 BC. It refers to the continuity of the population and material traditions between Early Harappan and Harappan Civilization. The Indus valley civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization and is famous for its systematic planning based on the grid system. Harappan Sites discovered … The Early Harappan Culture was the product of the gradual development of those early farming communities, which were emerged in greater Indus-Saraswati plain and piedmont areas. Students can complete and submit their work using fillabl. 2700- BC.1900 ie. Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated in 1921 under the supervision of Daya Ram Sahni. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. Wheat, barley, rai, peas, sesame, lentil, chickpea and mustard were produced. Another important feature of IVC is the drainage system. Indian culture Indus Valley . If we look for a centre of power or for depictions of people in power, Some archaeologists are of the opinion that Harappan society had, Another theory argues that there was no single ruler, but, The Harappans, therefore, looked upon the earth as a, This god is surrounded by an elephant, a tiger, a rhinoceros, and has a buffalo below his throne. The burials of Harappans are simple with fewer grave goods. Chinese Village in Arunachal Pradesh: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, UPSC Mains 2020 Paper Discussion by Drishti IAS | Internal Security & Governance – Watch On YouTube, Rationalisation of Autonomous Bodies - In News – Watch On YouTube, Today's GK - January 19, 2021 | Drishti IAS English – Watch On YouTube, Need of a more transparent approach in the vaccination campaign | Editorial Analysis -Jan 19, 2021 – Watch On YouTube, Balance Sheet of a Bad Bank: Simplified – Watch On YouTube, K-SHAPED RECOVERY- Simplified – Watch On YouTube, Drishti The Vision(A Unit of VDK Eduventures Pvt. This is the brief overview of Indus Valley Civilization for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. UPSC Exam; UPSC NCERT Books; Harappan Burials. While rice uses were relatively rare. Across the border of India and Pakistan, known as the Pre-Harappan phase of Indus-Saraswati civilization. This topic is extensively discussed in our General Studies-I course for the UPSC Mains exam. The use of baked bricks in Harappan cities is remarkable. UPSC Express. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a bronze-age civilization. Answer: The remains of the two towns, Mohenjo-daro and Harappan reveal and remarkable sense of town planning—the drainage system, the Great Bath, … Apart from making artefacts out of pure copper, Harappan craftspersons alloyed copper with arsenic, tin, or nickel. It was meant for ritual bathing. The geographical spread of Harappan Civilization with special reference to some important centres has been highlighted. The early Harappan phase from 3300 BC to 2600 BC. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. Chanhudaro was the only town without a citadel. This falsifies the AIT account that the Rig Veda … HOME Menu Toggle. In later cultures various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. The most important public place for Mohenjodaro seems to be great bath. History: Indus valley civilization [2500 BC-1500 BC]-The sensational discoveries made at Harappa in West Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind has revolutionized idea of ancient Indian history. The Harappan civilization along the now-defunct Sarasvati river gradually deurbanized due to declining monsoons, rather than collapsed abruptly. Indus Valley Civilization. In the 1920s, the excavations were carried out in the Indus Valley regions, where ruins of the old cities were found. Kot Dijian (Early Harappan) phase Circa 2800-2600 BC Harappan Phase Circa 2600-1900 BC Transitional Phase Circa 1900-1800 BC Late Harappan Phase Circa 1800-1300 BC Important Findings. In 1924, John Marshall, the then Director-General of the Department of Archaeology announced the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization. Ans . Beginning of city life. Harappan Civilization Centenary Of Discovery UPSC IAS. C. Both A and B. A building called Great Bath has been found at Mohenjodaro. Click here for Online Inquiry form to join Drishti IAS programmes. Millets are also found from sites in Gujarat. It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. Hence, it was called an urban civilization. • Mughal suggests that Harappan civilization came to an end with the drying-up of the Hakra about 2500BC. The Harappan civilization is marked by a large number of copper objects. Harappan culture was famous for its distinguished system of town planning. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. Harappan civilization is one of the most ancient civilizations of the world. In southwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan on Dast river, Gujarat on Bhogva river near Gulf of Cambay. Skip to content. Other crops that they grew included pulses, cereals, cotton, dates, melons, pea, sesamum, and mustard. It extended from Jammu in the north to the Naramada estuary in the south, and from the Makran coast of Baluchistan in the west to Meerut in the north-east. Daily Current Affairs for Exam and More. On the valleys of river Indus. The mature Harappan phase from 2600 BC to 1900 BC. Which was the most frequently depicted aminal. The Yogi on the seal is surrounded by buffalo, tiger, elephant, rhinoceros, and deer. Seals are made of steatite and they are square in shape. There are four important stages or phases of evolution. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. Bangle making and shell ornament making was also practiced. In Indus Valley Civilization, pottery was an important industry and the significance of the pottery can be noted from the fact that harappan pictographical scripts were mainly found on potteries. Origin. The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization spreading from today’s North-East Afghanistan to Pakistan and North-West India. It flourished around 2500 years ago in the western part of Asia which comes in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. Harappan people were mostly peasants and thus the Harappan civilization was an agro-commercial civilization. Banerjee at Mohenjodaro and by D.R. What were the main characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization? It was believed to be a hub of art and culture and architecture. Get in touch with our course counselors to get more information about our courses. Also known as Harappan Civilization. Since at … All rights reserved    |, Sociology Mains Test Series 2020 - Join Now, Prelims Test Series 2021 (Online) - Join Now. Indus valley civilization of India is even superior to that of Mesopotamia and Egypt.The Indus-Valley people were well-acquainted with the use both of cotton and wool. MYUPSC - GRASP IAS Main Menu. At his feet appear two deer.The depicted god is identified as, The IVC declined around 1800 BCE but the actual. Harappan Civilization, also known as Indus Valley Civilization, had flourished across the area of the North-Western part of the Indian subcontinent around 2500 BC. Drains were built of burnt bricks and covered by stone lids. Download Indus Valley Civilization notes PDF. The known extent of IVC is up to Suktagendor in Baluchistan in the west; Alamgirpur (UP) in the east; Daimabad (Maharashtra) in the South; and Manda (Jammu & Kashmir) in the north. The Harappan civilization is referred to as a bronze age civilization, mostly unalloyed copper was used for manufacturing artefacts, and only rarely tin was alloyed in copper to make bronze. 3. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. In 1920-21, the Harappan civilization was discovered in the excavations by D. R. Salini (at Harappa) and by R. D. Banerjee (at Mohenjo Daro). Town planning is the most important and distinguishing feature of the Harappan Civilization. Recently, there has been a tendency to push back the time limit on both sides of the test method called Dendrochronology. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Currently the Harappan civilization dates back to 2300 BC to 1750 through radiocarbon 14 experiments. Harrapan civilisation: a very important topic for upsc prelims as well as mains examination. A dockyard has been found at Lothal which is the longest building of Harappan Civilization. It is believed that the Indus Valley region experienced several. In this article, we are providing you with a PDF which contains Important facts related to Indus Valley Civilization, Pre History Sites, their location, specification etc. Known as Harappan Civilisation, it existed between 3300 BC to 1900 BC. Harappan civilization forms part of the proto history of India i.e. Home; Daily Current Affairs; SYLLABUS. Mention any two sources to reconstruct the Harappan Civilization. It is considered one of the earliest urbanized civilization of the world. They grew wheat and barley on a large scale. Indus Valley Civilization marks the beginning of the history of India. It attempts to familiarise … Get Drishti Publications books & magazines on Amazon - click here! Indian History Question Bank Free PDF Download. In the video titled "Ancient History: 2.1 Indus Valley Civilization - Prepare for UPSC IAS" presented by Dr. Roman Saini, various themes of significance such as Pre History, Harappan Civilisation, Characteristics of Indus Valley Civilisation etc.have been dealt with in detail. Although the Harappans practised agriculture, The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the, Metal money was not used and trade was carried by. 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