indus valley civilization handwritten notes

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Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or. One of the oldest and well-developed Civilizations in the world is known as the Indus valley civilization, which was spared over 12 lakh square kilometres approximately in Southern Asia. This article aims to delve into the Indus valley civilization and study it from the perspective of the SSC CGL/CHSL and banking examinations. Know about Indus Valley Civilization or Harappa Civilization. Further, the research works are needed in this direction so that the history of this civilization can be known more. (Maharashtra), which was situated far from 1400 km from each other. Foreign trade with Sumeria or Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Bahrain etc flourished. Bangles and Bracelets, Garlands made on the female sculptures obtained from the. In the Granaries of Indus Valley Civilization, there were two tows and six granaries, the combined floor space of these granaries had the same area as the Great Granary ar Mohenjodaro. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Notes from Ramita Udayashankar . ... (handwritten ... Engg and Tech By abhishek90iec . The table below gives a few important articles in continuation with the topic above as part of our series on NCERT Art & Culture notes … During the discovering and digging of the Indus Civilization there are many sites found there, in which six towns Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, Ganvariwala, Rakhigadhi, Kalibanga, and Dholavira are marked as the major towns of the Indus Civilization. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. for 800 years. Possibly the Harappians people firstly produced cotton in the world. The Earth was worshipped as a goddess of fertility by Indusians. Indusian were exports agricultural products, cotton goods, terracotta figurines, certain beads, conch-shell, copper, ivory products, etc, while they were imports gold, silver, tin, jade, steatite, copper, etc from various places like: Gold - Afghanistan, Persia (Iran), Kolar ( Karnataka). are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. As well as the cultivation, animal husbandry was also developed in this civilization. Harappan script is yet  to be deciphered. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture with sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley while controlling the formidable annual flood that simultaneously fertilizes and destroys. 1. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. 66. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Geographical Extent of IVC. Agriculture was the main base of the Indus economy. . This civilisation is credited for building cities complete with : town planning, sanitation, drainage system and broad well-laid roads. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the Indus Civilization excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. History of India mainly begins with Indus Civilization. While the Lothal and Sutkotda are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. for 800 years. For the knowledge about the religious lives of Indusians, historians depend on other archaeological resources. Read to learn about its origins, religious beliefs, architecture, political structure of Harappa civilization, art and crafts in Indus valley civilization, and reasons of the decline of Harappa Civilization. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. Published by archi notes on November 28, 2020 November 28, 2020. Due to no clear-cut evidence, the decline of Indus civilization is very debatable. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the. The evidence of the Harappian political nature has not been found clearly, but it seems that the ruling authority of Harappan civilization was a class of merchants. It started declining around 1900 BC and disappeared around 1400 BC. Females were venerable in Indus societies. Though lot of buildings and bricks were found, no brick kilns have been found so far. The Great bath of Indus civilization has been obtained from the Mohenjo-Daro, scholars are considered that It was collectively used for religious rituals. for 800 years. R. L. Stine and A. N. Ghosh considered the climate changes were the cause of decline, while K. U. R. Kanedi reached a conclusion after research on human skeletons obtained from Mohenjo-Daro, the causes of decline were various natural epidemics. Arts of Indus Valley Civilization. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization-The Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization culture was distinguished by its system of town planning. History is the main topic in UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Examination. It is also considered to be a Symbol of the oldest Urban Civilization in the world. Worship of Mother goddess was very popular in the Harappan Civilization but the sign of the Swastika indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. And on the basis of this archaeological evidence the political, social, cultural life, and economy of Indus Valley Civilization is written by historians. Thier Agriculture was considered major occupation for rural areas.While the City residents were involved in internal & external trade which led to developed contacts with other civilizations ( e.g. Females were venerable in Indus societies. They also built double storied houses of burnt-bricks complete with bathroom , kitchen, and a well. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Indus Valley Civilization is very important for UPSC, PCS and other competitive exams. It is advised to revise these details multiple times to answer the questions asked in these exams. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. While the. Citadel, Paved roads, Drainage systems, building constructions. The Indus Valley Civilisation was one of the first great civilisations having a writing system, urban centres and a diversified social and economic system. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The forms of art found from various sites of civilization include … Drainage systems were well developed beside the roads in which wastewaters flowed. In around 2600-1900 BC, a civilization thrived in the Indus valley which was known as the Indus Valley Civilization.This civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient civilizations. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Bangles and Bracelets, Garlands made on the female sculptures obtained from the Kalibanga, are proven that females of the Civilization were makeup lovers. Drains are made of hard bricks and wood. The Indus Valley civilization is the first known Urban Culture in India. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Larkana District of Sindh state in Pakistan, Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in India, Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh in India, Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra in India. The civilization of 4500 years earlier is identified as Indian civilization. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The civilization flourished between 2500BC-1750BC. Free . One of the major reasons for the decline of Indus civilization has been considered to be the floods, but all scholars have not agreed with this cause. It is a valley form by the river sindhu (sanskrit word). Agriculture, Industries and Trades were the base of the economy in the Indus civilization. One of the oldest and well-developed Civilizations in the world is known as the. The barter system is assumed to have been the normal method for exchange of goods because there is no evidence of coins found anywhere. Approximately 10-15 questions are asked in Prelims General studies paper I on History every year. Majority of the sites developed on the banks of river Indus, Ghaggar and its tributaries. The development patterns, social, cultures and economy of this civilization prove that the Indus Civilization was an. They also worshipped male god resembling Lord Shiva of later times and a mother goddess. Due to lack of evidence, no one has been able to clearly explain the decline of Indus civilization but so many scholars believe that Natural phenomena were the main causes of decline. 4.69 VIEW DETAIL View All Previous Next. The evidence of Beads industries obtained from Chanhudaro and shell industries obtained from Balkot and Lothal are told that Harappians were also interested in Craft, Industry and Construction. There are many sources and evidence has cleared that the Indus valley civilization was a well developed Ancient and Urban civilization of India. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. Alamgirpur in Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh, India. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. This suggests that these animals were considered sacred. The age of the indus valley civilization goes remote ages even far from 3000BC to 2000 BC. . include the most relevant things, which could help you to know more about the Indus Civilization in less time in UPSC and other examinations. Harappans used to worship plants, animals and the forces of nature. Indian National Congress sessions and history, Find Latest Tiger Reserves in India map 2020, Latest Biosphere Reserves in India map Download Free, Update List of Biosphere Reserves in India pdf download. Systematic town planning is the […] Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or terracotta in which many rooms, kitchen, bathroom and wells, etc were available into single houses. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization was a high category, Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Dholavira were the well-developed towns which indicate that the civilization was urban. in 1922 and collected many evidences related to this civilization. Peoples of Indus civilization were familiar with Ship, Goy, Cow, Humped and Humpless Bull, Dog, Elephants, etc. Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. All roads were met with each other on the right-angle. thechalcolithicperiod (copper age), the Indus Valley Civilization area shows ceramic similarities with southernTurkmenistanand northernIran Di hElDuring the Early Harappanperid(b 3200iod (about 3200– 2600 BCE), similarities in pottery, seals, figurines, ornaments, etc., document intensive caravan trade with Central Asiaand the Iranian plateau. Go to History Notes & Study Materials Page. Although, writing skill was developed in the Harappan Civilization. The Indus valley civilization was an ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar Hakra river valleys but also northwestern India and parts of Afghanistan. Many times candidates get confused about minor details and tend to loose marks over such simple and basic topic even after reading and knowing about it. Apart from these animals, birds and trees were also venerable. Moh 2700- BC.1900 i.e. From west to east, the Indus valley civilisation covered a distance of over 1,550 km, and from north to south over 1,100 km. (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. Harappans were excellent potters as is evident by their artifacts. Harappans also had technical knowledge of metals & process of alloying (e.g. Some other known animals were bull, dog, rabbit and bird. Made by woods and stones weapons were used as farming equipment. They knew the art of spinning & weaving. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization. is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. These notes will help you with both SSC CGL Tier I and Tier II, UPSC, Banking, IBPS, and other competitive exams. Small and large Industries of making wooden goods, soil pots, toys, seals, jewellery, beads, etc were in trend. for 800 years. Humped bulls were more venerables in all animals. The Sumerian texts also refer to trade relations with 'Meluha' which was the name given to the Indus region. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. R.E.M. The Northern site of this civilization was Manda ( Jammu & Kashmir) and the Southern was Daimabad (Maharashtra), which was situated far from 1400 km from each other. Time Line of Indus Valley Civilization Based on the archeological exploration done in the last few decades, our knowledge about the civilisation has significantly improved. for 800 years. After that Rakhal Das Banerji excavated the second site 'Mohenjo-Daro' in 1922 and collected many evidences related to this civilization. Brief Notes on the Dholavira of Indus Civilization ; Short essay on the Religious Life of Indus Civlization. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Here, Lothal deserves special mention as the site for dockyard. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime, , while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. bronze sculpture of dancing girl found in Mohenjodaro). Alexander Cunningham – He was the first Director-General of ASI. The painting was developed as the arts in this Civilization. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The town was divided into two parts, the first was small which was built on the higher places while the second was large but built on the lower region. Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The extensive trade of Harappians was inland and foreign both. Evidence of underground drainage systems is also obtained from the Harappan. Download Ancient History Study Materials. Indus Valley Civilization It was a highly developed civilization and derived its name from the main rivers of that region- River Indus. Indian National Congress sessions and history. Also, Shell, ivory, bone and faience were used as material for different crafts. Due to urban civilization social, culture, political and economic developments were different from other similar civilizations. Indus Valley Civilization, a lso known as Harappan Civilization, was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan. The Eastern site of the civilization was Alamgirpur (Uttar Pradesh) while the Westernmost site was Sutkagendor (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. Their Seals were engraved with animal figures (e.g. Indus Valley Civilization – History Study Material & Notes, Land Revenue System of British in India – History study Material & Notes, Economic impact of British Rule in India- History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Maratha Wars – History Study Material & Notes, Anglo Mysore Wars – History Study Material & Notes. Oldest in the World Indus Valley civilization is at least 8,000 years old and not 5,500 years old as earlier 2. The Script of the Indus valley civilisation was the Pictographics, which probably could not be read till now. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. for 800 years. 34029 . Wheat and barley were the main crops of the Indus valley civilization, but evidence of cultivation of rice has been found from Rangpur (Gujrat) and Koldihwa ( Uttar Pradesh). But Dholavira was divided into three parts: Citadel, Middle town, and Lower town. On the basis of mark animals, paintings on the pottery, seals, and fossils historians have guessed their pet animals. excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. The towns of the Harappan Civilization were developed under. , etc are the main features of the towns of Indus Civilization. Which was respectively known as the Citadel and lower town. But a very interesting feature of this civilization was that Iron was not known to the people. This caused loss of very valuable information regarding. Their Walled cities had important buildings such as, the Great Bath, Granaries and the Assembly Halls. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The main door of the house was opened on the backside of the main road but the Lothal was the single town whose doors were opened on the front of the main road. Indus Valley Civilization Ancient India History Notes for APSC, UPSC & other Exams. Indusians knew about clothes, they used cotton and woollen clothes. There is much evidence that agriculture was well developed. Wheeler – He followed the stratigraphy of excavations rather than just excavating horizontally. Harappians was inland and foreign both, soil pots, toys,,., lifestyles, Living standards of Indus civilization has been obtained from the left to right.! 2020 November 28, 2020 November 28, 2020 November 28, 2020 collected many evidences related to this.! Other competitive exams animals, indus valley civilization handwritten notes on the right-angle from various places that they! Their seals were engraved with animal figures ( e.g in trend main topic in UPSC IAS and... 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