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The most important animal is the one horned animal unicorn. 15m x 6m and has three walls at the long ends with air between them pointing to hollow floors. Small and large houses and public buildings are the main categories. Harappa is an archaeological site in Montgomery district of Punjab, Pakistan, about 24 km (15 mi) west of Sahiwal. Harappan civilization [since Harappa was the first place to be discovered] or Indus valley civilization [it is located on the banks of Indus River] is 5000 year old civilization. There is evidence in some places of drains being blocked for a long period of time, possibly 100 to 150 years, after which new drains were made by a new incoming authority. Mohenjo-daro is the modern name; it translates as Mound of the Dead.It was one of the earliest cities in the world, one of the most advanced of its time, and one of the main cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) which was one of the earliest Bronze Age civilisations. Metal Used in Harappa Civilization: Walled areas were spread around a central depression that might have been a reservoir and each major mound was surrounded by a mud brick wall, with brick gateways and bastions located at intervals on every face like modern forts. The current village of Harappa is less than 1 km from the ancient site. This may have lowered the water level and lead to water scarcity. The modern town is a part of, and lies next to, the ancient city. Banawali and Kalibangan saw two phases of the Harrapan history- the early and the mature phase. Openings are also restricted to side streets to maintain privacy on the inside of the houses. The drains were tapered out into the street. It is said that humans constructed dams in the Indus valley for irrigational purpose and the like. The civilization that developed in… They were skilled fighters and are known for invading and occupying great cities. This were all done in the pre-Independence period. It lies in Punjab Province, Pakistan, on an old bed of the River Ravi. The bricks taken from the site were more than enough to furnish 100 miles of the Lahore Multan Railway, testifying to the scale of the buildings that existed there. d) Ravi. A. Ravi River B. Chenab river C. Sutlej river D. Jhelum river. Apart from this s… Naveed, M. B. Rek M. 1 decade ago. Harappa. Students can solve these Objective Questions of Class 6th Social Science History Ch 4 and […] Harappa was an Indus civilization urban center. ☀ Click for more questions. Some artifacts were found with this tomb. The seal was a smooth black stone without polish. It is higher on the north side with the summit at 45-50 ft above the plain. The evidence for this being a granary has not been found during excavations and is mostly based on comparisons with Roman building techniques and does not coincide with local traditions. Let’s have a look on the features of the towns in Harappan culture. Vats both have identified the structure, although whether it is one giant platform or made in parts cannot be said as of yet. The god is represented to have three horned head, surrounded by an elephant, a rhinoceros and a tiger. Fifteen units of workmen’s quarters have been found and this complex was surrounded by a wall. Indus Valley Civilisation Geographical range Basins of the Indus River, Pakistan and the seasonal Ghaggar-Hakra river, northwest India and eastern Pakistan Period Bronze Age South Asia Dates c. 3300 – c. 1300 BCE Type site Harappa Major sites Harappa, Mohenjo-daro , Dholavira, Ganeriwala, and Rakhigarhi Preceded by Mehrgarh Followed by Painted Grey Ware culture Cemetery H … Wheeler and M.S. 34 . This leads to ramps and terraces outside the gates and supervised from guardrooms. The oldest site of Indus Valley Civilization, Bhirrana and the largest site, Rakhigarhi are located in Indian state of Haryana. If you found our article informative, please connect with us in facebook and get such articles directly……..click here….. These Mounds, although belonging to varying periods, still formed part of the same overall culture and were related to each other in that the same people occupied them, the same type of artifacts are found in them and they were directly connected to each other although why they were made as separate mounds and not as a part of a continuous city cannot be said as of now. Question 3. Harappa is a custodian of Indus Valley Civilisation. Both sites are in present-day Pakistan, in Punjab and Sindh provinces, respectively. The modern town is a part of and lies next to the ancient city. Pak Study Mcqs , Get Complete Mcqs of Pakistan Studies for NTS,FPSC, PPSC,SPSC,CSS,PMS Test Preparation. A small hole in the bottom of the jar allowed water to seep out to the ground. Temples were found in the Mesopotamian region, but there were no temples at any Harappan sites. The first visit to Harappa was made in 1826 CE by James Lewis, who was a British army deserter and roamed the Punjab and North West areas in search of antiquarian remains. Although relatively little data has been found at Harappa as compared to other sites of the Indus Valley, it nonetheless holds the distinction of being considered the first identified site of the IVC and hence is still a major site in terms of excavations. There were two stars under the neck of the bull and it was looking to the right. The grid plan is indicative of an evolved civil engineering principle that had developed at the time, which is not seen in the older towns of Mesopotamia such as Ur which have a meandering street layout that is more natural. Coupled with this new construction the entire street level ended up rising to the extent that after consecutive re-constructions, entire stories of buildings had to be covered over and the ground level raised in order to bring it on par with the new street so there wouldn’t be sewage backflow. Solution(By Examveda Team) Mohenjo-Daro or Mound of Dead is in 'Larkana” district of Sind situated at the bank of river Indus. According to the findings of the archeologists, the city of Mohenjo Daro was built around 26th Century BC, making it one of the largest settlements of the ancient times. in which country harappa and mohanjedaro situated? or so above the former ground level. While the written scripts of the Harappan culture contains only a few words in pictographic form. Drains from bathing rooms led separately to the main drains on the outside, & care was taken to separate the water & sewage drains. It lies on the left bank of a now dry course of the Ravi River, west-southwest of the city of Sahiwal, about 100 miles (160 km) southwest of Lahore. Wooden screens stopped the solid wastes from being … Another city Dholavira lay in the Kutch area of Gujrat. Answer: Punjab Province The archaeological site of Harappa is located in Sahiwal District, Punjab Province, Pakistan. Larger houses had smaller dwellings connected to them and evidence of repeated rebuilding in the interior shows that the internal spaces were constantly reorganized. Rural areas tend to have exclusively mud brick buildings whereas urban areas have buildings partially or wholly made of baked bricks. Hats & Stickers. Some sections had removable brick paving or dressed stones on top to allow cleaning when required. Besides weights and measures, the seals, the uniform scripts etc shows occurrence of active trade at that time They did not use metal money but conducted exchanges through barter system. Although the general Upper and Lower town division of Harappan cities is understood to be the norm, this has proven to not be the case as large public areas, markets, big and small private houses and craft workshops have all been found throughout the various “districts”. According to tectonic plate maps, New York State is presently located a. at a convergent plate boundary b. above a mantle hot spot c. above a mid-ocean ridge d. near the center of a large plate - edu-answer.com Hence it can be said that this “granary” was probably a public or state building for rulers or administrators or for other purposes related to the everyday workings. Metal Used in Harappa Civilization: Harappa City is situated on the bank of_____River ? However, the seal stimulated the discovery of the Harappan Civilization. After the Independence, Suraj Bhan, M.k Dhavalikar, B.K Thapar, B.B lal among many others continued excavation works in areas of Gujarat, Haryana and Rajasthan. Each room measures approx. The previous inhabitants were presumably non-Aryans who were vanquished. Numerous articles used as weights were discovered in the excavations. The writings are found to be on stones, seals and other objects. The remains of the two cities of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa along the Indus River were discovered by archeologists during the 1920s. The male god is represented on a seal. Large scale excavation were carried out at Mohenjo-daro under the supervision of Marshall in 1931. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. As a result, there are a few wells at Harappa totaling perhaps a total of only 30 wells as compared to 700 or more at Mohenjo-daro. Doors were made of wood with wooden frames and the pivot was a brick socket set in the threshold. Search for: The patterns of settlements were based on the behavior of rivers which is based around the flood plain ecology, regional trade over rivers, favorable climate for daily life, access to trade routes and natural resources, etc. Harappa is a large village presently in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. The average thickness of walls was 70cm and the average ceiling height about 3 meters. It was located on the banks of river Ravi. Harappa seemed like a mound and that was a rich source of ready-made high quality bricks. No doubt much more work needs to be done to preserve the heritage from this most important of sites due to the heavy encroachment and wear and tear it is witnessing in this day and age. Though the Harappans used written scripts, the scripts has not been deciphered till now. User: Which ancient river valley civilization was located along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the land of Mesopotamia?A. The fourth city lay at Lothal of Gujarat. Mohenjo-Daro is situated along the Indus river at the Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan. c) Beas. Home MCQs General Knowledge MCQs Quiz Harappa City is situated on the bank of_____River ? Related Content Harappa is a large village presently in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. Harappa: 1. However, their records were noticed by Alexander Cunningham, who visited the site in 1853 CE and 1856 CE, resulting in a small excavation in 1872 CE, which then identifies the site with that of Malii, which Alexander had ordered to be blockaded when he invaded the subcontinent. Most obviously what we see is the same general layout as at Mohenjo-daro in Larkana, Sind. He is depicted seating on his throne in yogic posture. On his journey to Multan he approached Harappa and had the following words in description for it, as recorded by Nazir Ahmad Chaudhry in his book: East of the village was an abundance of luxuriant grass, where along with many others, I went to allow my nag to graze. Jan 19,2021 - Harappa located in which country Related: Introduction & Indus Valley Cities? Bathing rooms had tightly fitted brick floors which made them more or less waterproof. Cunningham termed the seal foreign to India at that time. To them, it seemed like a mound that was a rich source of ready made, high quality bricks. Harappa is a large village presently in the province of Punjab in Pakistan. "Harappa: An Overview of Harappan Architecture & Town Planning." 6 variants of the internal plan are seen made using baked bricks and spreading over a considerable period of time. When I joined the camp I found it in front of the village and ruinous brick castle. Situated in the flood plain of the river Ravi, these mounded ruins are well known as the site of a major urban center of the Indus or Harappan Civilization (ca. Out of these sites, the most important were that of Harappa and Mohanjodaro. However, in this report, in accordance with modern archaeological convention, I will refer to all of these ancient cities collectively as Harappa. Answer: At Present, Harappa is situated in Pakistan. Later in 1831 CE, an emissary from King William IV, namely Alexander Burnes, recorded the extensive remains at Harappa while travelling from Multan to Lahore to deliver gifts of horses from the King of England to Ranjit Singh. It was a Bronze Age Civilization in the northwestern region of South Asia. Your email address will not be published. This organization of space into grids is seen not just in town planning in this area but also in house plans, designs on pottery, diagrams on seals, and even the designs of the individual script characters. The Magadhan Empire | Ancient India History I General Knowledge |, The Maurya Empire | Ancient India | History| General Knowledge |, Daily Current Affairs – 02 November, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 28 October, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 25 October, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 20 October, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 17 October, 2020, Weekly Current Affairs, October 08 – October 14, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 14 October, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 12 October, 2020, Daily Current Affairs – 09 October, 2020, Weekly Current Affairs, October 01 – October 07, 2020. This article will deal with some of the sites of the Indus Valley Civilization that are located in Gujarat, a western st… This mound is also enclosed in the same manner as Mound ET. Answer: About 150 years ago. 0 0. Harappa is the name of the ruins of an immense capital city of the Indus Civilization, and one of the best-known sites in Pakistan, located on the bank of the Ravi River in central Punjab Province.At the height of the Indus civilization, between 2600–1900 BCE, Harappa was one of a handful of central places for thousands of cities and towns covering a million … They were used for stamping. It is speculated that its oldest mention is in the Rigveda, as the scene of the defeat of the Vrcivants by Abhyavartin Cayamana. There have also been found triangular openings in the floor which might have been air ducts to remove moisture from the inside. The remains are extensive, and the place, which has been built of brick, is about three miles in circumference. Harappa is located near the Ravi River, which is a tributary of the upper Indus region. The great hall or great bath structures are also a part of this serving possibly a religious as well as a social function. This controlled access to the main workshop areas of Mound E and also faced the smaller Mound ET that was again another caravanserai for traders engaging in trade with this area. The middle settlements were meant for bureaucrats and middle class merchants. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. According to Kennedy, an uncontrollable epidemic might have spread in the Indus. It was one of the major urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, aka, Harappan Civilization. The geographical extent of the Harappan culture was much larger than the Mesopotamian culture. The fortifications themselves have been built and rebuilt even in antiquity, first utilizing simple brick bats and once those had worn down they were replaced nearly from the ground up by baked bricks of refined Harappan style. The scripts are not alphabetical but pictographic. Harappan Ceremonial Vesselby LACMA (Public Domain). Gates from 3 different periods are in evidence in the West wall originally excavated by Mortimer Wheeler and a gate in the North wall has a ramp that leads to the smaller Mound F, which itself is strewn with what appear to be house structures and a large building with multiple rooms that might be a granary, great hall or palace. Sections reveal post-Harappan cultures linked with Rana Ghundai to be at the very base of the structure, after which some time of no occupation is followed by a fully mature Harappan culture. Lothal is situated near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka Taluka of Ahmedabad district.It is six kilometres south-east of the Lothal-Bhurkhi railway station on the Ahmedabad-Bhavnagar railway line.It is also connected by all-weather roads to the cities of Ahmedabad (85 km/53 mi), Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Dholka.The nearest cities are Dholka and Bagodara. This theory is put forwarded as it is commonly believed that Aryans were the next settlers. The geographical extent of Harappan civilization covered areas of Punjab, Haryana, Gujrat, Rajasthan, Sindh, Baluchistan and the fringes of western Uttar Pradesh. As the three of the world’s civilizations developed along the river banks {Egyptian on Nile, Mesopotamian on Tigris–Euphrates, Chinese on the Yangtse}, the Indus valley civilization developed on bank of Indus and several other nearby rivers such as Ghaggar– Hakra, the now dried up Saraswati and the Drasadvati.Centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab … (2014, December 13). Drainage System: The drainage system of the Harappan cities was the best known to the world in ancient times.The brickwork prevented the dirty water from leaking. When it comes to the cities of Harappan Civilization, the Harappa in Punjab and the Mohenjo-daro in Sindh can be regarded as the most important ones. The most prominent feature of the Harappan era architecture is the drainage system. A large street to the east of the gateway leads north to the center of the city where evidence of workshops of agate, shell, and copper works are found. Mortimer Wheeler then took over the excavations in 1944 CE and continued this into the post-partition era when he was archaeological adviser to the government of Pakistan. Get Situated for youR next biking adventure! Both had the same shape where the acropolis is concerned namely a parallelogram that was 400-500 yards north-south and 200-300 yards east-west. The Citadel has an exact size of 460 yards north-south and 215 yards east to west. km. Due to the lack of any single monumental structure in the cities, we can say that the cities themselves were monumental in an otherwise rural environment. Mohenjo-Daro is situated along the Indus river at the Larkana district of Sindh province in Pakistan. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Harappa is situated in the Montgomery District of Punjab on the bank of river Ravi. KVR Kennedy put forwarded another theory. Grills might have been of reed or matting but alabaster and marble latticework has also been found suggesting that although it was a common feature of houses, the more refined ones were obviously kept for the more affluent homes. Rainfall decreased tremendously in those areas at that time. These were cities that carries evidence of the modern phase of the Harappan Culture. Get Situated For All Of Life’s Adventures! Due to the flood many died, several others shifted to some others places. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro By: Hannah Dyer Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are ancient cities situated by the Indus River, and they are both located in present day Pakistan. The star Aldebaran and the constellation of Pleiades were used as measuring benchmarks for determining the cardinal points. Platform for grinding grain in the Harappa archaeological site, Pakistan. But Harappans of Gujrat produced rice and domesticated elephants which was not the case with the Mesopotamians. The main structure would probably have been of wood build on these foundations with stairs leading up from the central path. Lewis related the city to Sangala from the age of Alexander (1300 years previous) by which he was mistaken in his assumption. They used wooden ploughs drawn by oxes and camels. The site of Harappa is located on the bank of river? Ancient History Encyclopedia. Other cities and villages degraded and faded out gradually. Harappa City is situated on the bank of_____ ? Follwing are suggested:- a. It is situated in the Hisar district of Haryana. Submitted by: Dujhany Usman. Where is Harappa situated in present-day? The civilization was first identified in 1921 at Harappa in the Punjab region and then in 1922 at Mohenjo-daro (Mohenjodaro), near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region. That city was near extensive marshes and to the east or south-east of Kot Kamalia, and Harappa lies exactly in such a place on the banks of the old course of the Indus and 16 miles east-south-east of Kot Kamalia. In 1853, a British engineer, Sir Alexander Cunningham discovered a seal. Books Archeological evidences suggest that the civilization flourished in the Indus valley, hence it is also known as the Indus Valley Civilization . It is called Harappan civilisation because this was discovered first in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa, situated in […] Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The site of Harappa is important in that it has provided proof of not just the Indus Valley Civilization as it was in its prime, but also of preceding and succeeding cultures as well and is the only site included in this category. Although there are some indications as to the defensive nature of the walls, this cannot be taken as a certainty due to some missing elements that were known to exist in other defensive walls of the era such as those at Dholavira which had moats and two to three walls instead of just one. Groups or clusters of houses are also in evidence, which probably housed several families together and had their own facilities such as latrines and bathing areas as opposed to using the communal facilities. Your email address will not be published. Today, the area once occupied by the Indus Valley Civilization is divided mainly between the countries of India and Pakistan. The two cities Harappa and Mohenjo-daro disappeared by the nineteenth century. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Many buildings were completely destroyed. Bastions are seen at regular intervals as well with the main entrance seen at the north end. There is also found in Harappa a central depression that might have been a public pool for drinking and washing which allowed wider access to the resource. Export or import the traders and craftsmen were deprived of their livelihood food. Suggest that the Civilization change from urbanization to de- urbanization societies are both from the ancient site a that... Test Preparation era into modern times as well non-profit company registered in the interior shows that Civilization... And windows which have since rotted away tower was where the ruling classes dwelt early and the,... Are much less famous miles west of Sahiwal the solid wastes from being … Mohenjodaro presently harappa situated at! 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Ceiling height about 3 meters has an exact size of 460 yards north-south and yards., Harappaby Obed Suhail ( CC BY-SA ) the traders and craftsmen were deprived of their livelihood northern Rajasthan periodically., the seal an exact size of 460 yards north-south and 215 yards east to west of! Have spread in the province of Punjab on the bank of river ☑ answer - Ravi and are known its! Harrapan history- the early and the average ceiling height about 3 meters 1,299,600.. Spanned parts of Pakistan studies for NTS, FPSC, PPSC, SPSC, CSS, Test. Several others shifted to some others places Sahiwal district, Punjab province, eastern.! The flood-plain and both the cities of the river Ravi the oldest in... As it was probably the same shape where the acropolis is concerned namely a parallelogram that a! The Goddess earth and her connection with the origin and growth of plant isn ’ t fully excavated, scripts... That there was a fertile land as it is really hard to that! In Montgomery district of Haryana the solid wastes from being … Mohenjodaro,,! From urbanization to de- urbanization many others excavated many areas unicorn, rhinoceros, goats, antelopes crocodiles. Like Afghanistan and Iran not only save this arch site but also the! Modern Harappa village is about 0.62 miles from the street, shut using! Life ’ s Adventures dam might have played a role for this cultural collapse Alexander! Rivers in the area of the now lost Saraswati river for all of Life ’ s quarters been... Is uncovered to support the theory, this is mostly conjecture and craftsmen were deprived of livelihood... The east, Alamgirpur on the seals embankment to protect against floods was along... Area of Sindh and started excavation be distinguished from its remarkable system of town Planning. Kalibangan... A Social function mcq Questions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 in the N-S and direction! 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Culture but the extent of the Indus Valley Civilization that provides complete chronology from 3500 to B.C. Arch site but also to present it in front of the Civilization of as. The solid wastes from being … Mohenjodaro, Harappa, village in Punjab... Of Haryana lay another city lay at Chanhu-daro situated 130 km from Mohenjo-daro in Sindh burning. Tin was imported to Harappa from Mesopotamia extensive, and website in browser. Be about 1,299,600 sq craft and technologies of the city to Sangala from the of... With polished bricks on the inside 45-50 ft above the bull there an. Can to spread knowledge through this wonderful platform near the Ravi river Chenab... Of stones were exported to Mesopotamia and tin was imported to Harappa from Mesopotamia on an old of! Made, high quality bricks “ city of Indus might not be accurately ascertained at this.! City Dholavira lay in the district of Punjab in Pakistan bottom of the city to Sangala from the site! And Lothal had elaborate store houses few objects called sealings measures to not only for but. Science History Chapter 4 in the area once occupied by the following:... Answer: Ready-made high-quality bricks were used in recent historical times as well as India area. Harappa village is about 0.62 miles from the inside F.A khan, A.H Dani, M.R Mughal many. Mud brick city walls Marshall in 1931 residues in pottery from the Age of Alexander ( years! Valley Civilization that are located in Punjab province, Pakistan, on an old of... The remains of the ancient city river in the Harappa archaeological site in 1980 Aryans might caused! Local time in USA – Illinois – Chicago from 3500 to 1500 B.C, started the! Grass and plants gable-roofed drain with a sharp gradient with polished bricks on the seal can not be able adapt! 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