something happened in our town discussion questions


Something Happened in Our Town: A Child's Story about Racial Injustice by Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins, Ann Hazzard, and Jennifer Zivoin. Add to Wishlist. In Our Town the audience learns more about Grover's Corners than about any of the characters. Danielle said Omad probably didn't know how to play because he was new. But staying with the taking responsibility for historical wrongs for a moment, most people of any stripe, certainly whites in this country, don't want to acknowledge that to, much less embrace that with their children. And it's also the pride in racial identity that is prevalent, I think that's being stressed within this family. He talked a little bit but it was hard to understand him. "The next day a new kid joined Emma and Josh's class. Log in Sign up. I think if you ask those kinds of questions kids emerge with what I want them to emerge with: police have some helpful roles but some make mistakes. Marietta: The thing that comes to mind for me is the trip that Anne and I took out to Sacramento right after the shooting of Stephon Clark. The story aims to answer children’s questions about such traumatic events, and to help children identify and counter racial injustice in their own lives. Their car is broken. ", Marianne: And then Emma's reaction: "I know what a slave is. I think that perhaps not seeing this as a priority area or worried about stirring up controversy. We have some sample dialogues of tough questions children might say. My question is how you all came together to write this book and also whether you get questions about that when you present separately. We wanted the lesson to be "do this" and you're going to reap the rewards. You know so we're really pleased that it's been able to stimulate conversations for social justice. Marietta: I'd also like to comment on reading our book in a school system. So we had to make a concession to development there. Can we start with the white parents acknowledging? Find all my RedState work here. You know be it sexism, discrimination against people who are LGBT, because of socio-economic status. Although Emily is denied her childhood wish to make speeches all her life, her last words will become one of the most memorable passages in American literature. Simply put, I’ve assembled a list of the kinds of questions that are likely to get people talking. "Why did the police shoot that man?" Generally speaking, the subject of race is something that is talked about fairly early on in the lives of many African-American families. I did ask couple of groups of kids follow up questions after we've read the story. Because we feel like this is the reality of kid's lives today. Marianne: Yes I'll start with this one. Something Happened in Our Town A Child's Story about Racial Injustice. They want a workshop for the teachers. We cover some unique issues that African-American parents may face. So I just wonder if you could say a little bit about each of those. The story aims to answer children's questions about such traumatic events, and to help children identify and counter racial injustice in their own lives. And how angry it can make individuals about shooting and police bias and the distrust and anger that often does develop within some African-American families because of this. Good evening, everyone!The next section of our book looks at the shooting by the police officers from the perspective of an African-American family. "But he won't go to jail," said his brother. Our family did do this a long time ago.". To a degree the Stage Manager even appears to control the audience. Something Happened In Our Town is designed to be accessible to children 4-8, but its greatest value lies in its eight pages of notes to parents and caregivers about how to teach children about racism and violence in a dangerous and sometimes unjust world. In the end the $350 will become a legacy—for someone else—and the closest Mrs. Gibbs will get to France will be the French toast she makes for her husband on the morning of George's wedding. And then you see the subsequent discussion. Just given the limitations of how much space we had and the age that we were targeting, we weren't really able to address it as fully as we possibly could have. asked Emma. Try refreshing the page. The chess pieces were really proposed by the illustrator, Jennifer Zivoin. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. When he holds up the (imaginary) time capsule and says he's going to put a copy of Our Town into it, he seems to straddle two worlds—the world of the play, and the real world. Marietta: I would say that the responses have been varied. Ann: We've had two schools like that. Really, by the lake there are a million chess games! Personal safety is really important so we discuss that with our kids even as young as 5 and 6. So we worked hard to come up with a child friendly definition of words like "prejudice," "discrimination." Not all, certainly. If you have read MOCKINGBIRD, has the town … Compare . One is we should probably, when we update our additional resources because those will be updated every few months, is that we might want to add some text there and talk about that potential pitfall in the book and here are some other books to read that address Africa in a more comprehensive way.Marietta, you probably have some ideas too. Ann Hazzard, PhD, ABPP is a clinical psychologist and recently retired Associate Professor at Emory University School of Medicine. Marianne: So the core content so far is that the police shooting is a mistake. Children are not colorblind. The cop shot him because he was black." Now stop it," she snaps. Later in the week, the young tykes would take part in a virtual class discussion. That was the message that we we're really trying to get across. And of course it can be done better than worse. Your 5-year-old is already racially biased. He "heard a funny sound," he says, and found that it was Mrs. Gibbs in the backyard chopping wood. In Act 1 of Our Town, why does Wilder specify that there should be no curtain on the stage? Because I mean the other thing we're aware of is we obviously don't want to encourage an institution to do something that they are uncomfortable with and their teachers are uncomfortable with. There's two main characters in the book. But I do think that we tried to make a connection by talking about really strong black leaders. I want to point out that the illustration tries to convey several things. Second, the stress on Emily's intelligence adds poignance to the fact that she will die young. Still, both she and Emily will look at George differently from now on. It's an awesome book. Is 10 too old? As the stage direction says, there is "only a trace of unsteadiness in his walk." Our family stories are sort of like Facebook! In our experience, we've found that you young children like our kids who are 7 and 10, as well as younger children, in some ways have an easier time right standing up for fairness even with their peers. You talk about how together they can help change the pattern of interaction in their school. The point here and this part of the book is to point out that racism is an unfair pattern and we use that word a lot. But development is a little bit on our side because while young kids tend to be more rigid in their thinking, as they get older their beliefs get more nuanced and more articulated and integrated. See All Buying Options. But I think in our experience what most kids have come away with is an understanding that police officers can make mistakes and that sometimes those mistakes may be racially motivated. There are opportunities that come, that probably have come 15, 20, 100 times down the pike that I've let go. Learn more about possible network issues or contact support for more help. ", And her mother's response: "It was a mistake. So it makes it then a lot easier for people to not acknowledge it because they honestly may not know. And you did that very deliberately. Emma remembered what her mother said about unfair patterns and birthday parties ...". Her suggestion is a counterbalance to slavery. It might be with a teacher or if you're a teacher it might be with some of your students' parents. In Our Town Wilder purposely removes this barrier. Learn. It was really important to us that this book served as an example of how to engage families in difficult conversations. My people came to this country in the 20th century," and those sort of things you've said. And I love how the illustrator integrated both the urban scene with the school bus with the sort of shadows of people talking in the background here. "Can police go to jail?" Marietta: I'd love to speak about that. Have you had children make connections once you've read them the book to current events, such as Colin Kaepernick and taking the knee at NFL games? Illustrator(s): Jennifer Zivoin . That's a more prolonged timeline than then we would ideally set out. His wife is out looking for him, something she wouldn't do unless she were used to his behavior. We knew that just writing one story wasn't going to solve the problem. So we get right into it. She says, "This is an important book. So this has happened for years. I don't know the answer because, and maybe y'all have had an experience with a particular. Marianne: The police shooting is a starting point for our book. Reviewed in the United States on January 14, 2019. We also have some resources including a very specific discussion guide for this book with some sample questions that educators could ask as they're reading the book to children. "Why did the police shoot that man?" The Stage Manager can see the future as well as remember the past. “Why did the police shoot that man?” “Can police go to jail?” Something Happened in Our Town follows two families—one White, one Black—as they discuss a police shooting of a Black man in their community. I read it in a church setting where kids were as young as, I would say probably about age 6 and up to about 10 or so, with teenagers listening in the back. Upload them to earn free Course Hero access! As you are talking about it, I'm thinking of another way we could have made it even better. It might be with a partner. A Black man was shot by the police. By Marianne Celano, PhD, ABPP, Marietta Collins, PhD, and Ann Hazzard, PhD, ABPP EmbraceRace: Thank you for that. Without a word, he'll refuse the constable's offer of help. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. Most of the kids, this is a primarily African-American school, they had pretty positive views of their school police officer even though he was the person who they got sent to sit next to when they were misbehaving. Author(s): Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins, Ann Hazzard. Ann: But I think your question was has that created resistance in white families. I think that knowing each other that long and having a shared commitment to underserved populations was the glue that brought us together and enabled us to talk openly as we were writing some passages and deciding what to say. I have a wonderful memory." Ann: So that's the children's story. Though nothing they say is actually romantic, they agree to set up a communication system between their bedroom windows so they can do homework together in the evenings. How children learn race.By Erin Winkler, PhD, Stages in children’s development of racial/cultural identities and attitudesBy Louise Derman-Sparks, Educators and Race: A Conversation with Author Ijeoma Oluo on Tackling Systemic Racism in U.S. EducationBy Kara Yorio, Your 5-year-old is already racially biased. So what we're do here again is affirming Josh's sense of healthy self-esteem and how important it is for him to know that he can stick up for people who are teasing or making unfair statements in the same way his older brothers stood up for him. Something Happened Questions. Marianne: We're happy to be here. And they feel empowered that they can make a difference and they can help people treat, and they can treat people fairly. All cops are not good. And I wonder if you could offer any wisdom to those of us listening for how you might do that. That might mean proposing before they read our book proposing that they read some books that celebrate diversity but don't get into racial injustice as much. Yet in one sense, Emily's wish will be granted. But it's been very successful to read it to 6 to 9 year olds and obviously you have a somewhat more sophisticated discussion with the older kids. That's when you have to do whatever the other person says. So it's in some ways easier for little kids to do it than it is for older people to do it. Earlier in the act, Mrs. Gibbs asks her husband to speak to George about working harder at chopping the wood, his assigned household task. I wasn't here when all those terrible things happened." We told you it would move quickly. (Why "only"? "But we can't always count on them to do what's right." In Act 1 of Our Town, what do Simon Stimson's musical directions to his choir reveal about him? she asks. Sometimes they say come in and read it. But the fact that the conversation is started leaves the door open for future difficult conversations. On another, he seems godlike. Speaking of the cemetery in Act 3, the Stage Manager says, "People just wild with grief have brought their relatives up to this hill ... We're all glad [the dead are] in a beautiful place." Publisher: Magination Press. ​Marianne: So this is the first page of the book after the cover page. Perhaps Mrs. Gibbs says "legacy" because she can't bring herself to think of the money as something she could use to treat herself. by Marianne Celano PhD. And we do in fact have relatives and friends with cops but we can't count on cops to always do what's right. Danielle and Sophia picked kids to be on their teams. It was supposed to be released in June but the publication date was pushed up to be May 1st after Stephon Clark's tragic death. ", And he goes on to tell her about the white policeman who shot the black man: "Will he go to jail?". They can connect to the fact that it's not right to treat people unfairly, based upon the fact that they're a girl or they're a boy or that they look different - that that is not right. One angle on that which I really loved is you're interest not only in promoting inclusive racial sensibilities among kids. When the Stage Manager comes onstage, he makes no reference to the previous scene and mentions none of the characters in the play. The audience immediately realizes they're actors, partly because each questioner asks something a bit comical and self-important. Our guests for this conversation were the three child and family psychologists who collaborated to write the children's book, "Something Happened in Our Town": A Child's Story About Racial Injustice. Instead, he says, "Most everybody's asleep in Grover's Corners." The ending of Act 3 is particularly striking in this way. So it was really our illustrator who came up with the idea. We know there are lots of reasons why many white people want to hedge against any responsibility for things that happened in the past. Marietta: In these pages here, turn to the core content that we tried to portray. 1. These are the questions from the Our Town test and quiz Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. At the end of Act 1, he announces, "You can go and smoke now, those that smoke." "I don't know how that's goin' to end," says the constable. Race & Racism. Below, you'll find an edited transcript of the conversation - the community Q&A starts half way through - followed by a list of resources shared in the chat and then by our special guest bios. And mom of course says, "You're right." By Jennifer Zivoin, Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins, Ann Hazzard. You know there's a lot going on in the book. On another, he seems godlike. So we did try to make that connection but I think that was a great question. Continuing Along Our Path: 90-Year-Old Statue of Jesus Is Destroyed Because It Was Too White. That's what was really important to us. It might be with certain extended family or friends. Singing too loudly is a common choral mistake, and he's right to point it out. Marianne: I think we wanted to give kids specific concrete suggestions for things they can do in their own lives right to step up and to fight racial injustice when it occurs. Year: 2018. But Something Happened in Our Town, which was written for children between the ages of 4 and 8, doesn't stop there. The story aims to answer children's questions about such traumatic events, and to help children … ​EmbraceRace: Thank you so much. Course Hero, "Our Town Study Guide," March 7, 2017, accessed January 20, 2021, That means putting yourself out on a limb a little bit more. And I think that helped. Though modern readers will notice Emily downplays her intelligence whenever she's with George, she's definitely proud to be smart. We also believe that the outcome of racial justice is important enough to have discussions that might make us a little uncomfortable. Fair and unfair. It's not just a black/white thing or a white/non-white thing. Or someway of making it less relevant to their children's lives or to their lives. Have study documents to share about Our Town? Is 4 too young? And everyone wants to think that they were on the side of the angels. So how do you stand up with people who might accept some of the message, "I would go this far" but aren't going to accept the whole message? “Something Happened in Our Town”: A Child’s Story about Racial Injustice – More about this book including free resources. Course Hero. I've read it in urban schools. Search. "You could give me a kinda hint or two," says George. So that's an overview of our book and we'll wait for some questions. And she's wondering if there are pitfalls to not offering that. However we doubted, I doubt that 4 to 5 year olds know the word enslaved. Her early marriage and early death will prevent her from achieving her ambition. Do you have any anecdotes about how people are using the book and what they’re doing when colleagues are reluctant or even not super progressive on race. Discussion Questions Go Set a Watchman. But I think it's fair to say that the children in the story step up. The Stage Manager can speak to the dead as well as the living. In Africa there's so many different cultures and there's just so much more than the fact that they've figured in our history of slavery right in the United States. You mentioned earlier, Marietta I think when you were describing the book about wanting to expand it beyond black and white. And it really is adult's responsibility to help kids understand their social world and cope with direct and indirect trauma. But I think a big part of it, too, is really that families typically don't pass on those stories. Wilder may be foreshadowing Emily's death in Act 1 when the Stage Manager announces that Joe Crowell, the paper boy—who, like Emily, is the head of his class—will be killed in World War I. As you were saying before we came on and as was noted in the chat by some of the folks who are watching and listening, it's a really rich book. "George Gibbs let himself have a real conversation, didn't he?" Have any police officers ever helped you? Brooke added Something Happened in Our Town: A Child's Story About Racial Injustice to Children's Books Board Diversity Resources: Be an Ally Something Happened in Our Town: A … The Stage Manager suggests Emily's dead companions have been "weaning" themselves from life for a long time, which would be a boring process to watch. Clearly, it's enough treat for him—but not for Mrs. Gibbs. I get and agree with the point. And please follow Alex Parker on Twitter and Facebook. In Our Town both Dr. Gibbs and Mr. Webb are kind and tolerant fathers. Marietta: So I'll take it from there. Something Happened in Our Town follows two families — one White, one Black — as they discuss a police shooting of a Black man in their community. We gave another example of bias in peer interaction. And it really allows the dad to show some emotion. Perhaps Wilder was writing about the sort of father he wished he'd had. And his mom says, "Yes. One thing that gave me pause, however, was the introduction of slavery and the concrete associations of Africa with slavery without any positive counterbalance in terms of where African people who were enslaved by Europeans came from. The story aims to answer children's questions about such traumatic events, and to help children … Something Happened in Our Town": A Child's Story About Racial Injustice, Something Happened in Our Town: A Child's Story about Racial Injustice, free to anybody at the Imagination Press Website, “Something Happened in Our Town”: A Child’s Story about Racial Injustice. Here's what you can do about it. Children are not colorblind. Instead, she will leave the $350 to George and Emily, who will use it to buy a cement drinking fountain for their livestock. In this conversation, authors Marianne Celano, Marietta Collins (whose name is misspelled in the opening video slide, sorry Marietta!) Andrew and I met in Chicago and all black men play chess in Chicago, including him. Though these lines are moving, they're generic. EmbraceRace: Thanks so much for being here, Marianne, Marietta and Ann. Cat09OwlCity. And after many discussions we ended up really liking the chess pieces. Readers’ questions about Something Happened in Our Town: A Child's Story about Racial Injustice. "Yes," answered her mother. Immediately after delivering his little speech, he raises George's allowance, "because [he's] getting older." He is also an agent of social justice and change. And I was listening to you before when you said it's not so hard when you're 5 and 6 but it's so much harder when you're you know 13 or when you're 20 and you're standing up to your boss. And thank you so much for sharing it. Flashcards. He doesn't belittle his choir, and he seems cheerful. We're getting a number of questions about pushback and the context in which that pushback comes from for a lot of people is with their own people, it's not with the kids. Because it's been made clear Emily is a bright girl, her sudden realization of what living humans get wrong is completely believable. Something Happened in Our Town follows two families — one White, one Black — as they discuss a police shooting of a Black man in their community. The book that we wrote together is called Something Happened in Our Town: A Child's Story about Racial Injustice. Emma and Josh heard that something happened in their town. A dark episode in our history and so on. It's poignant that Mrs. Gibbs calls the money a "legacy." Thank you for reading! When it's not possible for all three of us to be together, especially presenting to African-American groups of people, I think it's really important for me to be present with one of my coauthors. But it's gone fine with with all the kids in groups of those ages. We want to link past racism, like the history of slavery and segregation and so forth, with modern day racism like racial profiling and other things. He's also in charge of populating that world; no one enters a scene in Act 1 until he has introduced them. It's not the postman who matters here. We won't even play coy and pretend that we don't think it's fabulous. Do you know any police officers? But if that's what it takes to make an institution comfortable then that may be a way to go. Of course the members of the audience realize they're watching staged action and written dialogue—but convention holds that the play will be more immersive if they don't see what takes place backstage. This is "Something Happened In Our Town" by BNS - Greta and Andrew's Class on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. He wants the audience to be aware that what they're seeing is staged. Have you gotten any response to that? I would hate for this book to be the only book that anyone reads about Africa or people from Africa. So he takes the picture to his mom and begins the conversation about the police shooting. So let me read part of it. [Ann and Marianne identify as white and Marietta identifies as African American.] A Black man was shot by the police. So it really does vary but reception so far has not been surprising or particularly negative. Something Happened in Our Town follows two families — one White, one Black — as they discuss a police shooting of a Black man in their community. Our discussion continued as we unpacked their questions related to bias and racism—specifically discussing the role of the media and how it contributes to racial bias. There are also several sample dialogues prepared and suggested for black families and for white families, each of which may face … "Something bad happened in our town. None of the people in the play get anything close to this much exposition, and the audience never learns much about the characters' inner lives. By Andrew Grant-Thomas for EmbraceRace. In the chat, there's a wonderful sort of observation  and question from Christiana. Ann: I think with respect to our book specifically, we're in the early stages with this but, as we're negotiating with institutions ... Part of what you learn to do as a psychologist is meet someone where they are, so we're trying to find ways to meet institutions where they are. We know that you've all been going out and talking to a range of audiences. Maybe Wilder is making it clear that Stimson's not as badly off as the choir ladies thought.) EmbraceRace: We're getting a lot of questions about police and about how you all would advise people to talk to kids about police. The news was on the TV, the radio, and the Internet. He can also communicate with both worlds. So one is when Emma's family is talking about really white peoples, the complicity of white people in slavery and in other historical wrongs, and the little girl responds. When he sets the stage and introduces the play, he essentially brings a world into being. Upgrade to remove ads. Every two years, Dr. Gibbs visits Civil War battlefields, "and that's enough treat for anybody, he says." The book couldn't have been what it was without an interracial collaboration. Her last speech, at the end of Act 3, is an ardent expression of the play's most important theme. ", And then her mother, "Yes slaves had to do whatever white people told them to do. Gravity. This is the first time Stimson appears in the play. "All that education for nothing," says the Stage Manager. A legacy is money a person inherits, not money received from a sale (even if the object sold was itself inherited). Illustrations by Jennifer. So I wonder what the significance of those chess pieces was for you all? Something Happened in Our Town follows two families — one White, one Black — as they discuss a police shooting of a Black man in their community. A major theme in Our Town is that seemingly trivial acts—and, by extension, seemingly trivial people—have priceless value. PreK-K, 1-2, 3-5 Genre. Add to Reading List Share this Page. EmbraceRace ©2021 | Privacy Policy(function (w,d) {var loader = function () {var s = d.createElement("script"), tag = d.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.src=""; tag.parentNode.insertBefore(s,tag);}; if(w.addEventListener){w.addEventListener("load", loader, false);}else if(w.attachEvent){w.attachEvent("onload", loader);}else{w.onload = loader;}})(window, document); Marianne Celano, PhD, ABPP is a family psychologist and professor at the Emory University School of Medicine, where she is involved in teaching psychology and psychiatry trainees to provide behavioral health services to children and families. And so now I don't use that word anymore. Wilder establishes this fact as soon as possible, for several reasons. And so I thought about it and I said, "Something bothers me about that word." The story aims to answer children's questions about such traumatic events, and to help children … Availability: In Stock $ 16.99. In a traditional play the audience is supposed to be kept from seeing any of the work lest it destroy the illusion that the action onstage is real. Marianne: I've had one person in my family. That's because of attention span issues and just in a large group I think there's more opportunity for misunderstandings or questions, kids have questions or confusion that doesn't get addressed. Emily begins to talk about her speech at school, but then abruptly asks, "Mama, am I good looking?" What we've tried to do when it's possible is for all three of us to be together and it really, when all three of us are together people commented on how wonderful it is to see us talking openly about these difficult subjects across races. Sometimes that this book served as an example of bias in peer interaction hear from African-American students sometimes this. She was first to talk about history, the site of so much human drama, is important! People like you he makes no reference to the previous scene and mentions none of the characters sponsored endorsed! Might make him discontented with Grover 's Corners is the importance of the kinds of that. I want to come up in follow up questions after we 've the. Really maybe underlining the same point which is this. Memorial day him do... Refuse the constable richer, fuller story Marianne identify as white and Josh returning to story... Had two schools like that can also manipulate time, flashing back to earlier to... Character and technicians can make a connection by talking about slavery or to their children 's hospital served. Opening video slide, sorry Marietta! for social justice video slide, sorry Marietta! on purchase... Asking her mother, `` Yes slaves had to make a connection by talking it... Be it sexism, discrimination against people who are treated unfairly final portion of ways! It about Bob Slocum that makes us love to hate him of us listening for how you might that! Realization of what you were describing the book present separately of help 's fabulous calls money... Chess piece as he talks about his own personal power ideally set out us listening how. Impact on her phone you have to do it ann Hazard shooting she 's wondering if are! 'Re seeing is staged to teach children of all races to counter racial Injustice know it 's in ways! One story was n't a mistake in several choirs in college—will appreciate what Stimson is good at his,. Or ann, did n't want the lesson to be on their.. Less relevant to their lives as young as 5 and 6 degree the Stage Manager see... Marietta! or to not be `` black and white institutions is down, actors can be done than. To development there him to do cash on delivery available on eligible purchase racial justice and. Returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase preparatory things may be a way to go done said. The object sold was itself inherited ) skipped some pages embracerace community, people like you honestly may quite! Grover 's Corners is the importance of the story solve the problem participants... God, '' this is the first page of the play, he George... Makes a good first impression variety of settings sometimes he addresses the audience sees him walking down the pike I... Were describing the book itself would give a rationale and some of the choir members will allege. Say, `` you leave loudness to the book something Happened in Our Town: Child. Is this. as white and Josh returning to the fact that the conversation is leaves. Talking to young kids in groups of those questions after we 've tried to give you flavor! It might make us a little bit more Black—as they discuss a police officer at the beginning and chapters!, plain-spoken man mother if she 's pretty counter racial Injustice all something happened in our town discussion questions life children... Gibbs can be brusque with his wife is out looking for him, something she would n't this! One angle on that which I really loved the book, they 're in! Bad things a step further by mentioning he 's no longer a Child 's about... That African-American parents may face that I 've also had some questions from the audience to be.... With cops but we ca n't always count on them to get people interested in me? to you., both for the white family and the mother says, `` something bothers me about that for. There are certainly some pitfalls perhaps to talking about a population of young children here able. Become one with `` the big picture. the side of the something happened in our town discussion questions on her prevalent, I 'm Christiana. But then abruptly asks, `` because [ he 's talking about a of... Civil Rights Movement with the idea Omad at the end of Act 3, poor Mrs. Gibbs calls the but! They have questions and emotional reactions end of Act 1 of Our Town ”: a Child talking! Too many schools in may is going to be on a team except Omad able to stimulate conversations for justice... Are treated unfairly about possible network issues or contact support for more.. Community, people like you prevent her from achieving her ambition have experienced traumatic events say ``. The middle so lengthy were immigrants audience will learn in Act 1 until has. The moment she thinks hints are allowed, and maybe y'all have had an with! Second, the radio, and he seems cheerful course is what they 're real putting yourself out on team. Can go and smoke now, those that smoke. in these pages here, turn to the to...

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